|Road traffic injury deaths and hospitalisations
- The number of road traffic injury deaths increased from 2013 (253 deaths) to 2019 (352 deaths).
- Both the mortality and hospitalisation rates for road traffic injuries have climbed year-on-year since 2014.
- Motorcyclists were at a far higher risk of injury or death per distance travelled and time spent travelling.
- Males, young people aged 15–24 years, Māori, and people living in more deprived areas generally had higher rates of traffic injury deaths and hospitalisations.
- Waitematā, Auckland and Capital & Coast DHBs had the lowest mortality rates for traffic injury in 2012–2016. In 2018, the lowest hospitalisation rates for traffic injuries were also in Capital & Coast DHB.
- The number of traffic injury deaths for children aged 0–14 years decreased from 2007 (29 deaths) to 2016 (12 deaths).
|Household travel time by mode of transport
- Between 2015–18, 82.8% of all annual travel time was spent in private motor vehicles. A further 11.6% was spent using active transport, while 4.2% was spent on public transport.
- There has been little change over time in the proportion of time spent on different transport modes.
- The Wellington region had the highest proportion of travel time spent using active and public transport
(27.6% of all travel time), while Gisborne had the lowest share of time (3.3%) spent using these modes.
|Main mode of transport to work
- In 2015–18, travel by private vehicle accounted for 79.9% of the time New Zealanders spent travelling to work every year, most of which was spent as the driver of a vehicle, as opposed to a passenger.
- About 15.7% of commuting time was spent using active transport (walking, jogging or cycling). A further 6.5% of commuting time was spent on public transport.
- There has been little change in the use of all transport modes over time.
- The Wellington region had the highest combined use of active and public transport to work.
|Active transport to and from school
- In 2019/20, less than half (42.4%) of children aged 5–14 years used active transport (such as walking and cycling) to and from school.
- There has been no significant change in the use of active transport among 5-14-year-olds in over 10 years, from 2006/07 to 2019/20.
- Children in Northland, Wairarapa and Tairāwhiti District Health Boards (DHBs) had a lower use of active transport to school in 2014–17 than the national rate.
|Unmet need for GP services due to lack of transport
- In 2019/20, 1.6% of children and 2.7% of adults had a medical problem but did not visit a GP due to a lack of transport, in the past 12 months.
- There has been little change in these rates since 2011/12.
- Lack of transport was a major barrier to accessing GP services for disabled adults, with one in nine people affected in 2019/20.
- There were higher rates of unmet GP need in Māori (6.6% of adults and 3.0% of children), Pacific (6.6% of adults and 5.8% of children) and people living in high deprivation areas (4.5% of children and 5.9% of adults).
- Rates of unmet GP need due to a lack of transport were highest in Northland, Hawke's Bay, and Counties Manukau DHBs in 2014–17.
- In 2019, there were about 4.4 million motor vehicles in New Zealand, the highest number ever.
- There were 818 light vehicles per 1,000 people in 2019. This represents one of the highest car ownership rates in the world
- Light electric vehicles accounted for 2.7% of all light vehicle registrations in December 2020,compared to 0.1% in December 2014. While registration rates for electric vehicles are rising, they made up only 0.45% of the light vehicle fleet in 2019.
- The average age of the light vehicle fleet increased from 11.8 years in 2000 to 14.1 years in 2019.
|Health burden due to road transport
Road transport was estimated to be responsible for 650 deaths in New Zealand in 2012.
These deaths included:
- 308 deaths due to traffic crashes
- 218 deaths due to particulate matter (PM10)
- 65 deaths due to nitrogen dioxide exposure
- 59 deaths due to noise pollution.